Amid the cold and deep snows of midwinter, the wolf packs howled hungrily outside villages. Their voices resonate against the snow banks and crisp air of January. Wolves howl to communicate. During the denning season in spring and early summer, wolves only howl to pack mates. As the late summer moves towards fall, wolves call more and more to neighbors and enemies. Wolves are particularly vocal in the first months of the year, as this is their breeding season, and their cry attracts mates to breed. Their breeding howl is much longer than their howl hear at other times of the year, which is probably why people associated the month of January with howling wolves.
The January full moon is also a Supermoon. A full Moon is said to be a “Supermoon” when it is at the point in its orbit closest to the Earth.